The 36 Best Honeymoon Packages for a Romantic Getaway
One of the best ways to round out wedding planning is by taking a once-in-a-lifetime trip with your partner after it's all said and done. If you enjoy perks with stays, then perhaps the best route to consider. especially when booking a resort, is to explore their romance and honeymoon packages.
Romantic getaways for couples that combine a variety of experiences—including meals, upgrades and excursions—are considered packages as it's about setting the overall tone of the trip. For example, some hotels will offer a wellness package for two where couples can easily indulge in organic spa treatments, daily wellness rituals, and turndown services. Another may have a honeymoon package deal where newlyweds will be treated to an exclusive, sunset dinner for two, as well as a bucket-list excursion locally. Here, we review the best honeymoon packages for couples, especially those who want the five-star treatment (and chilled champagne upon arrival).
In this article:
- What to Look for When Booking a Honeymoon Package
- Caribbean Honeymoon Packages
- Central America and Mexico Honeymoon Packages
- Europe Honeymoon Packages
- South Pacific, Australia and New Zealand Honeymoon Packages
- South and Southeast Asia Honeymoon Packages
- USA Honeymoon Packages
What to Look for When Booking a Honeymoon Package
Given your honeymoon will be one of the most outstanding trips you'll take as a couple, refining the destination and respective hotels or operators may be a tough decision. According to The Knot's 2022 Honeymoon Study, one-third of all couples stay at premium hotels, while a quarter seeks all-inclusive options. One in five specifically select luxury, five-star properties to accommodate their dream getaway. (For many, the honeymoon is a once-in-a-lifetime splurge.)
To get the most from a given resort or destination, couples will look for romance deals or specific honeymoon packages custom-tailored by each resort. These packages cater to the overall intimate experience sought by couples. The property may provide complimentary spa massages, a romantic beach dinner for two, or a private sunset boat ride. Some tour operators may include a private helicopter ride or boat transfers as part of its comprehensive package experience.
What else should you look for when booking a honeymoon package? "Budget is usually one of the first concerns. There are options for most price ranges, however, you need to be realistic. Keep in mind that you get what you pay for," advise Reco advisors Mike K. and Curtis R. "Other items to consider are travel times as some locations can require overnight flights which can be stressful after a wedding. Most of all, it's about finding the right resort for your desires. Friends and family will provide suggestions, but their likes may be different than yours."
With this in mind, it really is up to you to decide what you want to get out of your honeymoon and, more specifically, what you want out of your honeymoon package. If all you want is to fly and flop somewhere tropical, you might like the Caribbean, the South Pacific or Indonesia. If you'd prefer a destination that marries gorgeous scenery with adrenaline-pumping activities, try New Zealand, Iceland or Australia. And for something a bit closer to home (which also means saving pennies!), consider a US-based honeymoon in Florida.
Caribbean Honeymoon Packages
A short distance away from the East Coast of the US, it's no wonder Caribbean honeymoon packages are so high in demand. Between Aruba, Saint Lucia and Jamaica, it's a tough decision to select the ideal honeymoon package for you and your partner–they're all too good.
Aruba Honeymoon Packages
The sunny island nation just beyond the Hurricane Belt is home to a range of properties tailored to romance. Aruba honeymoon packages may include private picnics, boat rides, chef-led dinners, and unique amenities.
Aruba Marriott Resort & Stellaris Casino: The "Sand, Sea, You & Me" package from this centrally-located resort already comes with exclusive-level packaging. Couples will receive complimentary champagne and access to the Tradewinds Club, Marriott's adults-only tier that offers complimentary food and beverage, as well as other amenities on the top floor of the resort. This romance package also includes a sunset sail with De Palm Tours, a romantic dinner at Atardi, and a 90-minute photoshoot with professional Demian Gibbs Photography. To top off the honeymoon package, couples will also receive message-in-a-bottle kits for sentimental letter writing and keepsakes to share for decades to come.
Hilton Aruba Caribbean Resort & Casino: The Hilton property is offering its Romance Package for two, which includes a welcome amenity, daily breakfasts for two, a couples spa treatment at the eforea spa, a sunset concierge dining experience, and to top it off: a 30-minute private photo shoot.
Divi & Tamarjin All Inclusives: Arguably the all-inclusive resort in Aruba, this wellness property has its own honeymoon package for couples wanting an extra special getaway. Along with the food and beverage options included in the room rates, this deal includes a bottle of chilled champagne, a unique take-home gift, a prime room choice, and a free night if you return to the property for your first anniversary.
Saint Lucia Honeymoon Packages
There's a reason why St. Lucia honeymoon packages are so high in demand. The destination is arguably one of the most romantic in the Caribbean with the dramatic and otherworldly peaks of the Pitons. Resorts on the island also custom tailor experiences around romance, making it a sultry destination of choice for couples.
Jade Mountain: There are honeymooners galore at Jade Mountain, but you likely won't see them. Here, most guests don't leave the rooms—or rather their palatial three-walled, open-concept suites that surround an enormous plunge pool, all of which overlook the Pitons. Luckily, room service is terrific and efficient. The Total Romance offer is a honeymoon package where luxury meets adventure. Expect guided volcano tours, scuba diving lessons, jungle biking, a half-day yacht trip and a Swedish massage.
St. Barths Honeymoon Packages
It's fact that among the Caribbean islands, St. Barths is reputable for being the default playground for celebrities and billionaires alike. Luxury accommodations are a given at this destination–and with service and delicious food to match.
Hotel Christopher St. Barths: Located on Pointe Milou, the Christopher Hotel offers a signature "seashell" spa treatment for couples to enjoy. Shells are filled with warm oil for massages as couples take in the beauty of their surroundings privately and outdoors.
Central America and Mexico Honeymoon Packages
Couples seeking R&R and fresh guac should seriously consider Mexico and Central America honeymoon packages. With gorgeous destinations dotting both the Atlantic and Pacific coasts, not to mention culturally immersive experiences and splendid tourism attractions, there's so much for couples to easily access from the US.
Belize Honeymoon Packages
South of Mexico is this affordable, eco-friendly destination, brimming with lush jungle and Caribbean water. Belize honeymoon packages typically include a wide variety of amenities and value-adds, without the compromising price tag.
Alaia Belize Autograph Collection: Located on Ambergris Caye, this property offers its own, standalone all-inclusive package. This includes all meals, as well as unlimited beverages, use of the resort's kayaks and stand-up paddleboards, along with other complimentary activities. Couples can also enjoy discounts on spa and cabana rentals. Roundtrip transfers from the San Pedro Airstrip are also included.
The Belize Collection: With properties like Jaguar Reef Lodge and Sleeping Giant, the Belize Collection's portfolio is sprinkled throughout key regions of the country. Throughout the year, couples can take advantage of various offers or packages, including 10% off accommodations, as well as resort credits to be used for food and beverage options.
Xanadu Island Resort: Ambergris Caye is considered one of the most beautiful destinations in Belize and this package simply enhances the experience. Couples will receive a welcome drink upon arrival, as well as a welcome basket with local treats and wine. The experience also includes a romantic dinner for two al fresco, as well as a restaurant dinner on separate evening. Those looking for water activities will appreciate that this package comes with a half-day snorkeling excursion at Hol Chan and Shark Ray Alley, as well as a private fishing and snorkeling trip that ends with the day's fresh catch enjoyed during a beach barbecue. A couple's massage will top off the experience. That's not all: round-trip flights from the international airport and transfers to Xanadu are included with this package.
Costa Rica Honeymoon Packages
One of the most biodiverse countries on Planet Earth is none other than the Land of Pura Vida. Adventure-seeking couples will find ease with Costa Rica honeymoon packages, which may couple a fun outdoorsy activity with a relaxing couples massage or yoga class.
La Paloma Lodge: This property is exactly what you dream about when envisioning a Costa Rican honeymoon—with some luxury thrown in for good measure. The lodge sits atop a cliff, perched above the Pacific Ocean in Drake Bay, where jungle-immersed rooms are fit with air-conditioners and stunning interiors, along with a large balcony, hammock and plenty of monkey sightings. Opt for the Romance package when booking your stay for a bottle of wine or sparkling wine, chocolates and flowers on arrival and a couples massage.
Botánika Osa Peninsula: Situated between Corcovado National Park and the Pacific Ocean's Golfo Dulce, Hilton's Curio Collection eco-resort, Botánika Osa Peninsula, is an incredible ocean and rainforest paradise for couples. Its romance package includes massages for two, daily breakfast, dinner for two, as well as chilled champagne. Plus, couples can enjoy late check-out.
Cancún Honeymoon Packages
Along the Riviera Maya is the shining resort region of Cancún, where you can find just about every type of all-inclusive resort under the sun. Couples who want the full honeymoon experience, however, may want to venture slightly beyond Cancún to areas like Playa del Carmen and Tulum for more privacy and natural beauty.
Banyan Tree Mayakoba: Discerning honeymooners know developments along the Riviera Maya are completely distinct from nearby Cancún. This includes the Banayn Tree in the luxury development of Mayakoba. The property offers a "Sense of Romance" package, including a couple's massage a dinner for two at the recommended Thai restaurant Saffron, an "intimate moment" arranged by the concierge (a popular choice among couples is the in-villa outdoor bath), sparkling wine upon arrival, and daily breakfast for two.
Secrets Impression Moxché Playa del Carmen: At Secrets Impression Moxché, couples can enjoy an uninterrupted Newlywed and Anniversary Package that includes the following: fresh fruit, sparkling wine, turndown services with a special touch, breakfast in bed, and 15% off all spa treatments if that's your priority.
Los Cabos Honeymoon Packages
The southernmost region of Mexico's Baja California peninsula, located along the Pacific Coast, is considered one of the top destinations for travel from the West Coast of the US. Residents who live in LA or Texas can easily reach Cabo in less than a few hours. However, venture just a bit further to lesser-known Todos Santos and you'll find even better romance offerings that feel a bit more private.
Rancho Pescadero: An adults-only property in Todos Santos centered on mindfulness and natural beauty, the Rancho Pescadero offers a "Joy of Living Well" package. (Enough said.) This deal takes a rest and relaxation approach, including a massage or treatment at the Botánica Spa, followed by a farm-to-table lunch for two at the restaurant on-site. There's also an apothecary component where couples can build their own bouquet or create their own essential oil blends.
Pueblo Bonito Pacifica Golf & Spa Resort: Couples escaping to Cabo will appreciate the "Here's to the Honeymooners" package from this particular adults-only property. Newlyweds who book a stay of five or more nights will enjoy special decorations in their room upon arrival, as well as chilled sparkling wine. Early check-in and late check-out, as well as the possibility of room upgrades are also teased as part of the package. Plus, couples can repeat the experience with a free night stay on their first anniversary.
Europe Honeymoon Packages
Imagine fields of provincial lavender, pure blue water against Cycladic Islands, and mounds of freshly-rolled pasta preluding an afternoon of boating along the Mediterranean. It's no surprise that couples adore an international getaway, especially when European honeymoon packages are involved.
France Honeymoon Packages
If you're looking for the Emily in Paris experience (sans the drama of the show), consider exploring France honeymoon packages along the French Riviera or the Normandy region. Considering the country is home to the world's finest gastronomy and wine, all you have to do is say "oui" to France.
Hôtel Plaza Athénée: Since 1913, the Hôtel Plaza Athénée has been the poster child for all things luxury and the epitome of Parisian chic. Here, rooms come dressed in rich silks, damask, rare woods and velvet—many with unparalleled views of the Eiffel Tower. Naturally, at a hotel so fine and in a city so well known for food, it's fitting that chef Alain Ducasse would oversee all of the hotel's food and beverage operations. The Romantic Offer package comes with a bottle of champagne and chocolates upon arrival, American breakfast for two, and access to the sauna and hammam in the Dior Spa.
Greece Honeymoon Packages
The white-washed walls and blue rooftops of Santorini and the otherworldly feeling of shipwrecked Zakynthos are just a few of the sightseeing opportunities for couples who want an Aegean getaway. Some Greece honeymoon packages are tailored to romance and aquatic adventure.
Abaton Island Resort & Spa: While most flock to the Cyclades when they head to Greece, why not stray from the crowd and visit the country's largest island instead? Abaton Island Resort & Spa is a quick 20-minute transfer from Crete's airport and its honeymoon suite—with a private pool, jacuzzi and sea views—is primed for a relaxing stay. Dinner and breakfast are included with the hotel's half-board option.
Andronis Feretti: The Andronis portfolio's unique package for its private yacht experience includes a half-day cruise around Santorini led by the captain of the boat and a crew member. Couples can enjoy refreshments and local wine, as well as other divine delicacies known to Greece. Lunch is served on board too. Plus, you'll head back to your suite after an enchanting day of sailing around the Aegean.
Iceland Honeymoon Packages
Drama is the word that comes to mind when considering Iceland honeymoon packages. Couples who dare to venture to the Nordic Island will be delighted by the landscape offerings across land, sea and sky. Naturally, an Icelandic experience should include a visit (or several) to a thermal spa, coupled with an outing to the Golden Circle. Pending priority, some iceland honeymoon packages may include a visit to the Tectonic Plates or involve a Northern Lights viewing experience.
The Retreat at Blue Lagoon Iceland: The 62-suite hotel offers direct access to the Blue Lagoon, arguably one of the highest-visited tourist destinations in Iceland. Couples, however, will enjoy their own private section of the lagoon's healing thermal waters and access to its beloved clay masks. The "Romantic Getaway" package includes accommodations, welcome drinks, daily breakfast for two, welcome gifts, daily group yoga sessions, a four-course dinner at the Lava Restaraunt, and a seven-course tasting menu for two at the acclaimed Moss Restaurant. In addition, couples can choose between various treatments at the spa, while having unlimited access to the Retreat Spa, Retreat Lagoon and the Blue Lagoon–skincare amenities, included. Now how's that for an all-encompassing Iceland honeymoon package?
Italy Honeymoon Packages
Arguably one of the top global destinations for any form of romance (and carb consumption) is the Land of La Dolce Vita. While Italy honeymoon packages are a bit pricier than other international offerings, the country is known for its wellness amenities and focus on cultural exploration.
Preidlhof: The wellness resort in northern Italy has rejuvenation and romance on its radar with its very own Honeymoon & Wedding Anniversary Package. Couples can rest easy knowing Preidlhof is all-inclusive with fresh fare offered each day to guests. Package offerings include a specially-decorated suite upon arrival, welcome drinks, a designated "romance table" for dining, treatments for two at the spa, and one trip out to the local region in the resort's Fiat 500 for the true Italian experience.
South Pacific, Australia and New Zealand Honeymoon Packages
Venturing far and Down Under, the South Pacific, Autralia and New Zealand are known for attracting adventurous honeymooners who dare to explore. The South Pacific contains some of the best honeymoon destinations, including Fiji and Tahiti. It's made up of clusters of intimate resorts, small peaceful villages and miles of quiet pristine beaches where honeymooners can post up in some seriously dreamy digs. The best time to travel to Fiji and French Polynesia is during the high season months of June to September, but New Zealand and Australia are best visited between December and March to catch the warm weather. Pending location, packages may include watersports or mountaintop excursions. Beauty is guaranteed no matter where you land.
Australia Honeymoon Packages
Head to the likes of Fiji or French Polynesia for overwater bungalows, or to New Zealand and Australia for a honeymoon immersed in nature. The following New Zealand and Australia honeymoon packages may spark multiple return visits.
Qualia: Known as one of the world's best resorts, you can't go wrong with a stay at Australia's qualia hotel. Sitting on 30 acres of native gardens, the hotel can be found on the northernmost tip of Hamilton Island and is the perfect base to explore the Great Barrier Reef. For your honeymoon, may we suggest the Heart Island Adventure package? This includes a four-night stay, a helicopter tour over the Great Barrier Reef and landing on Heart Island's helipad to spend some time snorkeling around the reef. Talk about a memory-maker.
Longitude 131˚: For an all-inclusive honeymoon package that's as adventurous as it is scenic, opt for a stay at Longitude 131˚. Here, you can stay in one of the luxury tented domes or pavilion, each with bucket-list views of Australia's famed Uluru. Honeymooners should pick the Classic Uluru package for spa treatment credits and a guided walk to Uluru's base on top of your meals and drinks.
New Zealand Honeymoon Packages
Huka Lodge: After a luxury New Zealand honeymoon package? Look no further. Huka Lodge, nestled near the banks of the Waikato River in New Zealand's North Island, has just 20 guest suites (so you're bound to get some much-wanted privacy). The honeymoon package includes two nights, an hour-long couples spa treatment, flowers and chocolates on arrival, five-course evening meals in a private dining location as well as a full country breakfast.
Hapuku Lodge + Treehouses: Located above a deer farm in the South Island of New Zealand, Hapuku Lodge sits at the foot of the Kaikoura Seaward Mountain Range. A stay in one of its treehouses is such a unique honeymoon idea. Each treehouse has large windows that look across the canopy—best seen while relaxing in one of the deep-soak tubs. The honeymoon package includes three nights in one of the treehouses, a bottle of French champagne, organic chocolate, a three-course dinner each night (with a five-course, wine-paired dinner one night!) and a massage for each of the newlyweds. Sign us up.
Fiji Honeymoon Packages
Likuliku Lagoon Resort: No trip to Fiji is complete without a stay in one of its overwater bungalows (or as they say in Fiji, bures). Likuliku Lagoon Resort's Celebration package is ideal for honeymoons as it includes an hour-long couples massage and a bottle of sparkling wine when you book a five-night stay. The room price includes all meals, bottled water and use of non-motorized water sports—but you'll likely spend most of your time here diving off your private deck into the crystalline waters, which are that dreamy!
Yasawa Island Resort & Spa: Located in the sunniest and driest part of Fiji, Yasawa Island Resort & Spa is the only resort on Yasawa Island—which means guests here have 10 private beaches all to themselves. The all-inclusive resort boasts just 18 luxury bure suites and the honeymoon bure is hidden at the end of a deserted white beach with a horizon pool. The price includes half-day trips to the famed Blue Lagoon Caves as well as guided snorkeling trips.
French Polynesia Honeymoon Packages
Bora Bora honeymoon packages are highly-desired with airline partners often partnering with resorts to help ease the burden of long-haul travel from the US.
Le Taha'a by Pearl Resorts: With the island of Taha'a on one side, Bora Bora on the other and crystal-clear Tahitian waters all around, a stay in one of this resort's overwater bungalows is the perfect romantic honeymoon spot. You can choose a half-board package here—we recommend the spa offer for daily breakfast and one traditional Taurumi Polynesian massage per person
South and Southeast Asia Honeymoon Packages
There's so much to enjoy across Southeast Asia, especially for honeymooners seeking pristine beaches and culture. These regions provide the perfect combination of beauty, beaches and culture all in one romantic getaway. It's here that you'll find overwater bungalows galore (we're looking at you, Maldives). These bungalows are often perched above pristine waters, where honeymooners laze the day away on their daybed and take dips in the ocean via their private deck.
Maldives Honeymoon Packages
Thatched-roof, overwater bungalows with glass floors and utmost privacy are what most couples imagine when considering a Maldivian getaway. Most, however, walk away with far greater of an experience, especially if Maldives honeymoon packages are properly arranged well in advance.
Jumeirah Maldives Olhahali Island: To get to the Maldives, most couples from the US will have to experience a layover or two (often a prerequisite before landing at a fine destination worth visiting). Jumeirah is offering its dual-trip stopover package, which includes a two-night stay at the iconic Burj Al Arab in Dubai. Couples can get situated in the lap of luxury before flying to the Maldives, where they'll then enjoy four nights at the new Jumeirah property on Olhahali Island.
The Conrad Maldives Rangali Island: Arguably one of the most well-known properties in the region, the Conrad Maldives is located right along the South Ari Atoll. With 12 restaurants and bars, including the all-glass undersea restaurant Ithaa, as well as two spas, couples can find their ultimate honeymoon bliss. Specific packages for honeymooners are reserved, including private jet ski outings and more arranged by the concierge team. Inquire upon booking.
Huvafen Fushi Maldives: If you prefer your bungalow to come with its own private plunge pool, you're looking in the right place. At Huvafen Fushi Maldives, it feels as if it's just you, your new spouse and the fish (you'll see them via the glass floor in the Ocean Bungalow rooms). Honeymooners love the underwater spa, and a 60-minute treatment comes included in the resort's Romance package, which also includes a bottle of champagne and chocolate-dipped fruits on arrival, daily breakfast (and one floating breakfast), a private four-course candlelit dinner and complimentary snorkeling equipment.
USA Honeymoon Packages
Honeymooning stateside can be totally romantic. Be it a northern lights camp, a lush resort or a private island hotel, there are loads of options and vast lands to explore in the United States. Florida, a beach-lover's favorite, offers oceanside cottages that feel as if you've been transported to the South Pacific. And of course, there's Hawaii: a cluster of islands that's practically synonymous with jet-setting honeymoons—complete with fragrant floral leis, tropical mai tais, hula dancing, and some of the finest US honeymoon packages. Those who want more of an active, outdoorsy honeymoon should look north to Alaska for breathtakingly beautiful scenery. According to The Knot Honeymoon Study, approximately half of all couples in 2022 chose to honeymoon in the US. Considering the breadth of experiences and options available to newlyweds, it's a fair choice.
Alaska Honeymoon Packages
If the Northern Lights, wildlife sightings and fresh seafood are among your bucket-list items for the honeymoon, then an Alaska honeymoon package will serve you well.
Borealis Basecamp: Just 25 miles from Fairbanks, Alaska, Borealis Basecamp sits on 100 acres of boreal forest—but the real draw here is its clear-topped domes where honeymooners can watch the northern lights dance above them while snuggled up in bed. There are various autumn and winter packages available and, depending on which one you choose, activities such as an Alaskan dog sledding tour and meeting reindeer.
Stillpoint Lodge: At the foot of Kachemak Bay State Park, get lost in the remarkable Alaskan wilderness with a stay at Stillpoint Lodge. There are several packages to choose from here—we like the look of the Adventure package or the Nature & Nurture package for your honeymoon. Each package includes organic meals, one spa treatment per person and various activities like brown bear watching and guided eco-tours.
Florida Honeymoon Packages
The peninsula is home to some of the most luxe resorts in the US, which means Florida honeymoon packages offer romance and amenities.
The Faena Hotel Miami Beach: The five-star property with prime beach access in Miami oozes romance. The Faena's "Suite Dreams" package includes two complimentary treatments at the spa, daily breakfast for two at the Poolside Veranda, a $200 resort credit, butler service for only certain suite tiers, early check-in and late check-out, complimentary valet parking, a welcome amenity, and a complimentary rollaway bed or crib (in case a little one is involved). Oh–and did we mention the suites are, indeed, a dream?
Little Palm Island Resort & Spa: This honeymoon resort may be located in Little Torch Key, Florida, but it feels more like the South Pacific. Accessible only by boat or seaplane, this oasis is plopped on a 5.5-acre private reserve and allows no more than 60 guests at one time. Here, thatched-roof private bungalows come equipped with private verandas, outdoor showers and beds draped in gauzy butterfly netting—but they're void of phones and television. The Culinary Paradise package will delight foodies with its welcome bottle of champagne, daily breakfast, three-course lunch, four-course dinner and $100 spa credit per person, per day.
Hawaii Honeymoon Packages
Hawaii honeymoon packages are a must-consider for couples who want to indulge in all that the Aloha State has to offer. Between Maui's world-class resorts and Kauai's adventure offerings, there's no need to secure a visa when honeymooning in this domestic paradise.
The Westin Maui: Nestled right along a prime oceanfront area of Ka'anapali Beach, the resort's "Love Travels" package comes with accommodations in the renovated Hokupa'a luxury tower, which gives couples immediate access to the Lanai lounge. There, romance awaits with a private bar, plunge pool, daily breakfast and evening cocktails and demonstrations. The package also includes a signature couple's massage and dinner at the acclaimed restaurant Waicoco.
Koʻa Kea Resort on Poipu Beach: Poipu Beach is where the honeymooners flock for romance and gently lapping waves that crest on golden sand. Koʻa Kea's "Master of Moons" package is custom-tailored per couple as honeymoons have evolved into familymoons, bestiemoons and more. Booking include romantic experiences like candlelit dinners, sunset cruises, oceanfront massages at the spa, as well as horseback riding along the Maha'ulepu Heritage Trail. Depending on the level of your package, you can also request a honeymoon photoshoot to document the gorgeous experience.
Las Vegas Honeymoon Packages
Foodies and nightlife-adoring couples who like variety will appreciate Las Vegas honeymoon packages. Consider the casinos and entertainment options as added amenities, though the F&B credits will especially do the trick.
The Venetian Resort: One of the higher-end properties in Sin City easily offers romance at every turn, especially with its views of Vegas, as well as its fine dining scene. Costco's package for suites, however, is one that should be seriously considered among couples who desire daily food and beverage credits, as well as complimentary parking.
–Laura Hampson and Anne Roderique-Jones contributed to the reporting of this article.